Identify Nutrient Deficiency in Plants
Identify the Nutrient Deficiencies on your plants and Buy the Best products
Identify Pest & Intects on Plants
Identify Pest & Insects on your plants and Buy the Best products
Identify Diseases on Plants
Identify Diseases on your plants and Buy the Best products
Brinjal is known by various names as Aubergine, Eggplant, Melanzana and Garden egg. It is one of the widely cultivated and most preferred vegetables in India. It is a long duration crop with hardy nature hence it is preferred by several farmers with limited water resources. This attractive looking crop is attacked by several pests and this blog helps farmers to identify the insect damage and suitable control measures.
Shoot and fruit borer
Shoot and fruit borer is a lepidopteran insect it is the major pest of brinjal. Symptoms are usually noticed on the shoot tips. Insect bores a hole in the shoot tip causing drooping shoot or dead heart symptoms. Under Severe infestation, flowers fall off and circular holes can be noticed on the brinjal fruits.
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Ash weevil is not a major pest of brinjal. The insect usually feeds by notching and scraping the leaf surface or leaf margins. Younger stage of insects are called grubs they damage the roots by feeding on roots causing wilting of plants.
Brown leafhopper insect causes serious damage to brinjal crop. Adults and Nymphs remain on the lower side of the leaf and suck sap from the leaf. As a result, leaves turn yellow, leaf size reduces, leave curl backwards. Besides this brown leafhopper acts as a vector for transmission of little leaf disease of brinjal.
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Hadda beetle or spotted lady bird beetle and larva feed on the leaf by scraping which damage and reduce the chlorophyll content. This not only reduces the photosynthetic area but also reduces the yield of the crop. If left untreated it would skeletonize the entire leaf.
Aphids are a common pest of most vegetables. They remain on the lower side of the leaf and suck the sap from the leaves, causing the leaves to curl, also reducing the plant height. Under severe infestation yield and quality of the crop will be reduced drastically.
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