Microbes: Small Organisms Big Impact on Agriculture

  • , ಮೂಲಕ Agriplex India
  • 6 ನಿಮಿಷ ಓದುವ ಸಮಯ

In the world of agriculture, the tiniest organisms often play the most significant roles. Microbes, specifically bacteria, have a profound impact on soil health, plant growth, and nutrient availability. Among these beneficial bacteria, Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria, Potash Mobilizing Bacteria, Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria, and NPK Liquid Consortia stand out for their ability to enhance agricultural productivity. In this blog post, we will delve into the essential role of these microbes, and their benefits, and provide some do's and don'ts for maximizing their effectiveness.

Microbes Small Organisms Big Impact on Agriculture

Popular Microbes used in Agriculture are:

  1. Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria
  2. Potash Mobilizing Bacteria
  3. Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria
  4. Zinc Solubilizing Bacteria
  5. Sulphur Solubilizing Bacteria

Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria: Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth, but atmospheric nitrogen is unavailable to plants in its gaseous form. Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria, such as Rhizobium and Azotobacter, have the unique ability to convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can utilize. These bacteria form symbiotic relationships with leguminous plants (e.g., soybeans, peas, and clover) and colonize their root nodules, converting nitrogen gas into ammonium. This process, known as nitrogen fixation, provides a natural and sustainable source of nitrogen for plant nutrition, reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers.

Benefits:

  • Increased plant growth and productivity through enhanced nitrogen availability.
  • Reduced dependency on synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, minimizing environmental pollution.
  • Improved soil fertility and organic matter content.
  • Enhanced soil structure and water-holding capacity.

Potash Mobilizing Bacteria: Potassium (K) is a vital macronutrient required by plants for various physiological processes, including photosynthesis, enzyme activation, and water regulation. However, potassium in the soil is often present in unavailable forms. Potash Mobilizing Bacteria, such as Bacillus mucilaginosus and Bacillus megaterium, can solubilize insoluble potassium, making it accessible to plants.

Benefits:

  • Enhanced potassium availability, leading to improved plant growth, yield, and quality.
  • Increased plant resistance to environmental stresses, such as drought and disease.
  • Improved nutrient use efficiency and reduced potassium fertilizer requirements.
  • Enhanced soil cation exchange capacity.

Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria: Phosphorus (P) is a crucial nutrient for plant growth and development. However, a significant portion of soil phosphorus is often present in insoluble forms, limiting its availability to plants. Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria, such as Pseudomonas and Bacillus species, possess the ability to release phosphorus from insoluble compounds, making it accessible to plants.

Benefits:

  • Increased phosphorus availability, promoting root development, flowering, and fruiting.
  • Enhanced plant nutrient uptake efficiency and overall nutrient balance.
  • Improved soil fertility and organic matter decomposition.
  • Increased tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses.

Zinc Solubilizing Bacteria: Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient required for various physiological processes in plants, including enzyme activation, protein synthesis, and hormone regulation. However, zinc deficiency is a common problem in many soils, leading to reduced crop productivity. Zinc Solubilizing Bacteria, such as Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp., possess the ability to solubilize insoluble forms of zinc, making it more available for plant uptake.

Benefits:

  • Improved zinc availability, promoting healthy plant growth, and development.
  • Enhanced crop yield and quality, particularly in zinc-deficient soils.
  • Increased tolerance to abiotic stresses, such as drought and low temperature.
  • Improved root development and nutrient uptake efficiency.

Sulphur Solubilizing Bacteria: Sulphur (S) is an essential nutrient required for plant growth, protein synthesis, and enzyme activity. However, Sulphur deficiency is a common issue in many agricultural soils. Sulfur Solubilizing Bacteria, such as Thiobacillus spp., possess the ability to convert insoluble forms of Sulphur into plant-available forms, making them more accessible to plants.

Benefits:

  • Improved Sulphur availability, promoting healthy plant growth and development.
  • Enhanced protein synthesis and enzyme activity.
  • Increased nutrient uptake efficiency and overall crop productivity.
  • Improved crop quality and yield potential.

NPK Liquid Consortia: NPK Liquid Consortia refers to a blend of beneficial bacteria strains that collectively enhance nutrient availability and plant growth. These consortia consist of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate-solubilizing bacteria, and bacteria capable of mobilizing potassium and other essential nutrients.

Benefits:

  • Improved nutrient availability, promoting balanced plant nutrition.
  • Increased plant growth, vigor, and yield potential.
  • Enhanced soil fertility and nutrient cycling.
  • Enhanced resistance to pests, diseases, and environmental stresses.

Here are the top Biofertilizers available online in Agriplex

Microbial Fertilizer

Technical Details

Dose

Multiplex NalPak (Liquid)

Liquid Consortia of Microbes

 500Ml of Multiplex NalPak Liquid with 100 kg FYM

Multiplex Durga (Powder)

Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria

2 kg of Multiplex Durga Liquid with 100 kg FYM

Multiplex Azab

Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria

(Azotobacter)

250 ml of Multiplex Azab with 100 kg FYM

Multiplex Aadhar (Liquid)

Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria (Azospirilium )

2 kg of Multiplex Aadhar with 100 kg FYM

Multiplex Sunrise

Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria ( Rhizobium)

 4 to 5kg of Multiplex Sunrise with 100 kg FYM 

Multiplex Zinc-B

 Pseudomonas strata

 1 LT of Multiplex Zinc-B Liquid with 100 kg FYM

Multiplex Shakti

 Frateuria aurentia

 4-5Kg of Multiplex Shakti with 100 kg FYM

Dr. Soil Fertility Booster

Liquid Consortia of Microbes

 5 LT per acer

Dr. Soil Slurry Enricher

Potash Mobilizing Bacteria

 1 LT per acer

Dr. Soil Slurry Enricher

Phosphate Solubilizer

 1 LT per acer

Dr. Soil Bijopachar

Rhizobium

 1 LT for 15  KG Seeds

Dr. Soil Bijopachar

Azospirillum Brasilensis

 

Multiplex OrganiK Magic (Liquid)

Liquid Consortia of microbes

 1 to 2 litres per acre by diluting in 400 liters of water

 Conclusion

Microbes, especially beneficial bacteria, play a pivotal role in sustainable agriculture. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, potash mobilizing bacteria, phosphorus solubilizing bacteria, and NPK liquid consortia offer a range of benefits, from nutrient availability to enhanced plant growth and soil fertility. By harnessing the power of these microbes and adhering to the dos and don'ts, farmers can optimize their agricultural practices while minimizing the reliance on synthetic inputs, ultimately fostering a more sustainable and resilient agricultural system.

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