How to Control Powdery Mildew Diseases in Tomato Plants?

  • , द्वारा Agriplex India
  • 3 मिनट पढ़ने का समय

Tomato powdery mildew is a common fungal disease that affects tomato plants, especially in greenhouses and high tunnels. It reduces the photosynthetic activity and yield of the plants and that causes 10 to 90 percent yield losses in tomatoes. The disease is caused by different species of fungi, such as Oidium neolycopersicumLeveillula taurica, and Erysiphe orontii. The disease was first reported in France in the 1840s and later spread to other regions of the world. 

  • Type of Infestation: Disease
  • Common Name:  Powdery mildew
  • Scientific NameLeveillula taurica / Oidiopsis neolycopersici 
  • Category of Plant Disease: Fungal disease
  • Mode of Spread: Spores are easily dislodged from the infected leaves and carried long distances by wind and air currents
  • Most Affected Plant Part: Leaf

Environmental Factors Favorable for disease/pest development

  1. Temperature: Optimum temperature between the 60 to 80 °C range.
  2. Relative Humidity: optimum RH for disease development is above 90%. 
Most Affected States in India

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and West Bengal

Spotting the Signs

Keep an eye out for these telltale symptoms of powdery mildew on your tomato plants:

Powdery Mildew in Tomatoes: Identification and Prevention
  • Yellowing leaves: As the fungus feeds on the plant, affected leaves will develop yellow blotches or patches. These areas may become distorted and curl upwards.
Powdery Mildew | USU
  • Stunted growth: Powdery mildew weakens the plant, hindering its ability to grow and produce fruit. You may notice stunted growth and a lack of vigor in affected plants.
    What's wrong with my plant? : Garden : University of Minnesota Extension
    • Leaf drop: In severe cases, leaves may turn brown, dry out, and eventually fall off the plant. This reduces the plant's ability to photosynthesize and can significantly impact yield.
    How To Treat and Cure Powdery Mildew on Tomatos | Novobac

      Building Strong Defenses

      The best defense is a good offense! Here's how to create a healthy environment that discourages powdery mildew:

      • Plant Selection: Choose tomato varieties known for mildew resistance. Look for labels mentioning "resistant to Leveillula taurica" – a common powdery mildew culprit.
      • Spacing: Ensure proper air circulation between plants. This reduces humidity and discourages fungal growth. Prune away any suckers that grow between the main stem and branches to improve airflow.
      • Watering: Water deeply and directly at the soil base, avoiding leaves. Wet leaves create a breeding ground for mildew.

      Control Measures for Powdery mildew  in Tomato

      The fungicides you mentioned are Cabrio Top Fungicide, Saaf, Contaf Plus & Bavistin.

      Bonus Tip: Microbial Mayhem

      Encourage beneficial microbes in your soil! These tiny warriors help suppress fungal growth. Apply compost tea or commercially available beneficial bacteria products around the base of your tomato plants.

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