Management of Major Disease of Cucumber

Management of Major Disease of Cucumber 

Cucumber is one of the most popular vegetables consumed in raw form. It is a warm-season crop usually cultivated in both protected and open field conditions. It is widely cultivated in the southern part of India. The crop growth and development has been hindered by several Pathogens. In this blog let us understand the strategies for managing major Diseases of the cucumber. 

Healthy cucumber crop Ready to harvest cucumber Lush green cucumber

 

Damping off in cucumber

Damping off in cucumber is caused by soil borne fungus called as Pythium. There are two types of damping off in cucumber pre-emergent and post-emergent. In the pre-emergence, the seedlings are killed just before they reach the soil surface and in post-emergence phase water soaked depression near the collar regions above the soil can be noticed. Which in later stages leads to collapsing or wilting of seedlings in portray. 

Damping off in cucumber

Recommended products 

Organic

Anshul Tricomax fungicide or Biocure For Multiplex Chirayu

Chemical

Tata Blitox Fungicide or Aliette Fungicide or Ridomil Gold Fungicide

 

Cucumber wilt

In cucumber crop there are two types of wilts noticed - Bacterial wilt and Fusarium wilt

Bacterial Wilt

Bacterial wilt disease of cucmber is caused by Ralstonia bacteria. Under the bacterial infestation, cucmber plants wilt all of sudden followed by plant death. This diseases is also referred to as green wilting. 

Cucumber Fusarium Wilt 

Fusarium wilt disease in cucumber is caused by fungus known as fusarium. In case plants generally turn yellow and then wilt and die gradually. 

Wilt disease in cucumber Fusarium wilt of cucumber

Recommended products 

Organic

Multiplex Nisarga + Multiplex Sparsha

Chemical

Bavistin FungicideorMultiplex Nagcoper Fungicide+Multiplex Bactinash or Cristocycline bactiricideorDhanuka Conika



Powdery Mildew in Cucumber

Powdery mildew in cucumber is caused by a fungus which is prevalent during the early growth stages. Initially, light yellow spots can be seen on the leaves and at later stages, mass deposition of powdery like material can be observed. Disease occurrence is high during low temperatures, cloudy climates and moderate sunlight. 

Powdery mildew disease in cucumber

Organic

Multiplex Nisarga or Anshul Tricomax or Biocure F

Chemical

Anshul Dost fungicide or Multiplex Jodi fungicide or Luna experience fungicideor Contaf plus fungicide

 

Cucumber Downy Mildew 

Downy mildew in cucumber is a common disease. Initially, leaves turn light green and then turn pale yellow. These yellow patches on upper leaf surface and if untreated would turn brown and defoliation could also be noticed. 

Cucumber downy mildew

Recommended product 

Custodia fungicide or Acrobat complete fungicide or Xelora fungicide



Cucumber Anthracnose 

Anthracnose in cucumber is one of the most devastating diseases bothering the cucumber cultivators. The disease is caused by Colletotrichum fungus. Spread of the disease is faster during wasm and rainy climate. Fungus causes water soaked circular lesions in the initial stages which in later stages form sunken lesions with a dark brownish-black margin. Rapid spread of disease is associate with low quality produce and yield. 

Anthracnose in cucumber

Recommended product 

Ishaan fungicide or Olander fungicide or Multiplex Jodi fungicide

 

Cucumber Mosaic Virus Disease

Mosaic disease of cucumber is caused by a virus which is spread by aphids. Affected plants become stunted, the leaf will be small with a mosaic pattern (Light green and yellow) on the leaf. Under severe infestation crop fail to flower and even deformed fruit can be observed. 

Cucumber mosaic virus disease

 

Recommended product 

Lancer gold insecticide or Confidor insecticide or Hunk insecticide + Anshul Liquid Magic Multi micronutrient fertilizer

 

 

Presented by 

Technical Team Agriplex India